1.3.3. Management of an automatic transmission
|Fig. 1.153. Scheme of switching of the lever of the selector of switching of ranges
The starter can be included, if the switch of ranges is in the situation "R" (parking) or «N» (neutral) (fig. 1.153)
In the situation "R" (parking) of the switch of ranges forward wheels are mechanically blocked from rotation.
(Parking), «N» (neutral) or «R» (backing) under way the car can lead transfer of the lever of the switch of ranges to the provisions "R" to transmission damage.
Transfer of the lever of the switch of ranges to situation "D" (movement) or «R» (backing) when the engine works at turns above idling, can lead to transmission damage.
If the lever is in the situation "R" (backing), transfer of a backing and the car joins can move back. To switch on and off transfer of a backing it is necessary only after a full stop of the car. The exception is made by exceptional cases when it is necessary to deduce the car from jamming by means of rocking.
In the situation "N" (neutral) any of transfers to transmissions is not included, and forward wheels are disconnected from the engine. The car can freely slide even in the presence of a small bias of the road if the parking brake is not switched on or the brake pedal is not pressed.
In order to avoid an unexpected troganiye of the car from a place turn on the parking brake or press a brake pedal before translating the lever of the switch of ranges from the situation "N" (neutral).
The range «D» (movement) is intended for normal traffic conditions of the car. After a car troganiye from a place and in process of dispersal there is an automatic consecutive gear shifting – to the first on the fourth.
The situation "M" (switching in a manual mode) is intended for gear shifting manually. The driver can consistently switch transmission to the highest or lowest transfers, moving the lever to the relevant party.