Mazda 3 since 2003
1. Operation and car maintenance
2. Engine
2.1. General description of new engines of the L8, LF and L3 models
2.1.1. Mechanical part of engines
2.1.1.1. Cover of a head of the block of cylinders
2.1.1.2. Head of the block of cylinders
2.1.1.3. Laying of a head of the block of cylinders
2.1.1.4. Block of cylinders
2.1.1.5. Cranked shaft and radical bearing
2.1.1.6. Balancing block
2.1.1.7. Principle of operation of the balancing block
2.1.1.8. Damper of krutilny fluctuations of a cranked shaft
2.1.1.9. Forward cover of the engine
2.1.1.10. Piston
2.1.1.11. Piston rings and piston finger
2.1.1.12. Rod and shatunny bearing
2.1.1.13. The Klapanny mechanism – general information
2.1.1.14. Camshaft
2.1.1.15. Camshaft asterisk
2.1.1.16. Asterisk of a cranked shaft
2.1.1.17. Chain of a drive of the mechanism of a gazoraspredeleniye
2.1.1.18. Natyazhitel of a chain of a drive of the mechanism of a gazoraspredeleniye
2.1.1.19. The valve, a klapanny spring, the maslootrazhatelny cap, the directing plug of the valve
2.1.1.20. Valve pusher
2.1.2. Mechanism of change of phases of a gazoraspredeleniye
2.1.3. Greasing system
2.1.4. Cooling system
2.1.5. Fuel system
2.1.6. System of production of the fulfilled gases and system of decrease in toxicity
2.1.7. Electric equipment of engines
2.2. Mechanical part of engines
2.3. Appendix 1
2.4. Appendix 2
2.5. Appendix 3
2.6. The Z6 engine – a mechanical part
2.7. Greasing system
2.8. Cooling system
2.9. Admission system
2.10. Fuel system
2.11. System of production of the fulfilled gases and system of decrease in toxicity
2.12. Ignition system
2.13. Control system
2.14. Tables
3. Transmission
4. Running gear
5. Steering mechanism
6. Brake system
7. Onboard electric equipment
8. Body
 








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2-1-1-10-porshen.html

2.1.1.10. Piston

Pistons are made of a heat-resistant and high-heatwire aluminum alloy, the skirt of the piston is covered with graphite for friction reduction.

Fig. 2.16. Piston: 1–the piston – a side view; 2–axis shift; 3–external diameter; 4–the piston – the top view; 5–marking; 6–forward part of the engine; 7–dredging under valves


For noise reduction исползуются pistons with the displaced opening. Pistons and rods can be disconnected only a method of hot landing. For prevention of the wrong assembly of the piston marking is put on it (to). The piston is established so that the arrow of marking was turned to a forward part of the engine (fig. 2.16).

NOTE
The piston of L3 engines has a pro-point under valves.

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2.1.1.9. Forward cover of the engine
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2.1.1.11. Piston rings and piston finger